story of Arundel begins in 1067 when Roger de Montgomery
was created Earl of Arundel and given a third of Sussex
as a reward for his careful stewardship of Normandy while
William I was conquering England. The castle was built four
miles from the south coast high on a chalk spur overlooking
the River Arun with magnificent views over the South Downs.
Stone, much of which still exists today, would have quickly
replaced the original timber Motte and Bailey fortifications.
Roger's son, Robert de Belesme, inherited Arundel but sided
with the Duke of Normandy against Henry l, resulting in
the castle being besieged for three months. Belesme was
captured, imprisoned and the Castle reverted to the Crown.
When Henry died, his widow (Queen Adeliza) married William
d'AIbini who was given the estate. In 1139, Empress Matilda
(or Maude), daughter of Henry I, came to Arundel claiming
the throne of England. King Stephen, her cousin and rival,
surrounded the castle but soon raised the siege, and for
reasons not clearly understood, allowed Matilda to leave
unmolested. In 1243, the last of the male AIbini's died
and Arundel passed to his daughter, Isabel, who married